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Rabbit Cage Size and Dimensions Requirement Guide

Rabbits

Rabbit Cage Size and Dimensions Requirement Guide

How much space does a rabbit need in its cage or what size of a hutch for two rabbits do you require? If these and many other questions concerning the hutch size are bothering you, we have all the details you need.

What is the size of a rabbit cage do I need.

What is the size of a rabbit cage do I need?

Overview

A safe and spacious rabbit housing is a fundamental requirement that will ensure the wellbeing and happiness of your bunny. To many first-time owners, deciding on the right size a hutch or cage is a daunting task since the various breeds have different space requirements.

Whether you have a rabbit pet, as a show animal, or for commercial use (fiber, meat, lab, and exhibition), there is a minimum requirement of cage sizes based on the rabbit’s weight.

You deserve to know that bunnies are active as RSPCA notes, they will be “needing opportunities to hop, run, jump, dig, stand fully upright on their back legs/stretch out fully when lying down.”

Furthermore, their cages is a place where they need to go to the toilet, hide, eat and sleep. You cannot provide small hutches as they will make your bunnies uncomfortable which will have an impact on their overall health and happiness. They may end up with “spine problems, muscle wastage, and obesity as The Rabbit House notes.

How large should it be – dimensions

An ideal living area will have a litter tray, feeding, and water bowls, as well as an enclosed sleeping area. Adding a few toys in the cage will help keep your bunny enchanted.

The minimum recommended size is 12 ft2 or about 1.1m2 in addition to a playing area that should be larger than 32 sq.ft, with the bunny able to stretch in any direction without touching any side of the hutch. 

The UK’s RWAF as well as PDSA “think the minimum set up for rabbits is a 6 x 2 x 2 ft hutch” with at least an 8ft long playing area (typically 8×4 ft and as high as your cage). Here are typical dimensions. 

Length

The length should allow the rabbit to make about three to four hops. This will be about 6 ft, for a medium sized bunny.

Width

The width should be enough to allow it to stretch out fully while lying down typically 2 ft (60cm) for a small to medium rabbit while large to giant size may require about 3ft (90cm).

Height

While standing upright on their hind legs, their ears should not touch the roof of your cage. This is typically 2ft for small rabbits and 3ft for bigger or giant ones.

Minimum ARBA rabbit housing cage size 

As ARBA emphasizes, you must provide your rabbits with a “cage of adequate size to accommodate species and breed specific behavior.”

In line with the Animal Welfare Act, AWA (Title 7, Chapter 54, Sections 2131-2159), the ARBA has adapted some guidelines to help rabbit owners decide on the right size of cages or hutches their bunnies need.  

This space is calculated by multiplying the length and width of your cage and deducting any area occupied by water dishes and feeders which are often inside the cage, i.e. it does not include the space other things occupy inside the cage.

This means the actual areas must be bigger than provided ones below since it includes the space taken the feeder, litter box, and water bowl. Do not deduct if your waters and feeders are fixed to the side of your pen and do not touch its floor.

We are dealing with minimum space requirements. However, do not forget a bigger hutch is always better. 

Table 1

Table 1

Nursing rabbits

If you breed your rabbits, you need a large cage for a nursing one to be able to accommodate it and its kits (have a space for a nesting box).  Here are minimum cage size requirements recommend by ARBA.  Minimum cage based on breed. 

Table 2

Table 2

Minimum cage based on breed

If you want a cage basing on the breed you have, below is a table with is also based on the weights of fully grown seniors to guide you.

Maximum Senior Weight Less than 4.4 lbs

Maximum Senior Weight from 4 to 8.8 lbs       

  • Breeds: Standard Chinchilla, Dutch, English Spot, Florida White, Havana, Lilac, Mini Lop, Mini Satin, Silver, Tan, Thrianta
  • Minimum required cage space: 3.0 ft²
  • Minimum required cage height: 14 in

Maximum Senior Weight from 8.8 to 11.9 lbs                               

Maximum Senior Weight More than 11.9    

  • Breeds: Giant Angora, Giant Chinchilla, Checkered Giant, Flemish Giant, English Lop, French Lop
  • Minimum required cage space: 5.0 ft²
  • Minimum required cage height: 14 in

Spacing for bunnies housed together

Perhaps a more challenging issue is getting the right space for your compatible bunnies if they share a cage. For instance, what size of hutch do you need for two rabbits?

The height will remain the same. However, you need to increase the floor area, about one and a half times bigger. However, ensure you know how to introduce and bond them. 

With the above guidelines, you can decide to go for a DIY hutch or buy one. Some of the pet stores that sales hutches may be able to advise you on the right size. However, the size should not be lower than what we have discussed.

Conclusion

There may be other animal welfare charities with slightly different cage requirement. For instance, the RSPCA rabbit hutch size might slightly differ from ARBA.

To ensure your bunnies have enough space, we recommend you continually weigh their weight and determine if the cages are the right sizes.

Whereas some people may assume the pet, show, or meat rabbit cage size may be different, it must meet the above minimum requirements.  

Disclaimer

All the information and other materials contained on this website are for informational purposes only and not intended to substitute consultation, advice, diagnosis, or treatment by a licensed professional or veterinarian. disclaimer

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